It is in the context of rapid urbanisation , that the project “Strengthening community centric governance through integrated water, sanitation and waste management in Cuttack and Bhubaneswar was conceptualised, designed and implemented as a model of participatory community centric governance by forming bodies of people at the most primary level, both at the neighbourhood and ward levels.
Besides water supply, sanitation and waste management, the project introduced and demonstrated the concept of integrated water management. In this context, individual toilets, community toilets, soak pits and drains were constructed and ideas for liquid waste disposal, treatment of liquid waste before emptying it in water sources, renovation of water bodies, were attempted under this project.
The concept of community mobilisation was critical to the project and was the guiding principle to bring in ownership among people towards their problems and also to ensure sustainability in all the approaches initiated. In this, processes were initiated with dialogues among members of the community to determine who, what, and how issues are decided, and went on to also provide avenues for everyone to participate in decisions that affected their lives and strengthen inclusive governance processes.
National Foundation for India (NFI) was set up in 1992 with the vision to help create a just and equitable society, by enabling marginalised communities to improve the quality of their own lives, by improving public understanding of social issues and promoting social justice. NFI makes grants to support voluntary organisations working in poverty endemic and difficult parts of the country. NFI also works towards building capacities of individuals, communities and civil society to improve the quality of their lives and enhance their ability to negotiate from a position of strength.
Headquartered in Bhubaneswar, HDI is an NGO working for the poor and the disadvantaged since 2000. HDI functions as a multi-service social organisation in Orissa, providing diverse services and solutions to different development related problems. Its activity range covers action, training and research, while the development sectors cover topics such as, livelihood, women empowerment, forestry, income generation, governance, water and sanitation, medicinal plants, HIV/AIDS, reproductive and child health, social communication, involuntary resettlement and rehabilitation of project – displaced people.