Changing rainfall patterns and uncertainty of river run offs have led to a decline in water availability for agricultural purposes. Industrialisation has also led to the construction of railroads across the wetland, which has altered the traditional water flow patterns. The people in this area rely entirely on the wetlands for cultivation.
The project villages were completely cut off from the main town due to poor road access and had almost no infrastructure provision including electricity. They relied entirely on hand pumps for water security. However, many of these hand pumps were severely contaminated making the water unusable. This project aimed to strengthen the water and nutritional security of the people. Its focus was on strengthening the indigenous people’s approach to multiple-use water services (MUS) & water use efficiency (WUE) at the household, homestead and in the field. The project improved land and water productivity management in flood plain wetlands. An integrated approach, using appropriate technologies, addressed the conflict and competition between multiple domestic and productive water needs. Nutritional security of landless people was enhanced by providing them with land, home gardens and duckeries. Guidelines were developed for wise use of wetlands, incorporating the learnings from the local adaptive management and larger international and national management frameworks.
RCSD undertakes scientific research and extension for promotion of sustainable development addressing issues relating to energy, water, environment degradation, biodiversity and climate change.